József Parádi

Book review and opening of an exhibition

A book review and an opening of an exhibition have been held on the 28th of February in 2014 from 11:00 hours at the Special Service for National Security of Hungary in the topic of the history of the Hungarian law enforcement.
The exhibition was created by the youngest Hungarian national security service: the Special Service for National Security of Hungary, which has been established in March of 1996 by the coming into force of the Act 125 of 1995 on national security services. Nevertheless the exhibition covers a rather pragmatic era namely the period from the second half of the 20th century to this day. The exhibition, installed by the Ministry of Defense Military History Institute and Museum, was created with a wise foresight. The displayed items fill a hall and a smaller room. The inner parts of the hall can be used as a lecture room or a board room. The vast majority of the displayed items are technical-historical ones, and beside that, documents, photos, uniforms and arms of that age can be find among them also. A large display screen helps the creation of the interactive experience by showing a documentary movie-like mosaic of the past of the special activities of the service.
The book review and the opening of the exhibition attracted an audience of 150 persons.
The program started with the book review by Mr. dr. Péter Boross, the second prime minister of Hungary after the changing of the regime.

József Boda — József Parádi — Kund Miklós Regényi (editor):
1872 Intelligence service Instructions Anleitung zum Kundschaftsdienste.
Budapest, 2014, Special Service for National Security of Hungary – Bertalan Szemere Science Association of the History of the Hungarian Law Enforcement 441 p.
HU-ISBN 978 963 89 8284 1.
/Legacy of the law enforcement history of Hungary, 1./ HU-ISSN 2064-4728.

The review of the book the showed the mastery of the topic and a wide spectrum thinking and witnessed about a deep patriotism. The book itself, beside the Hungarian and German language instructions of the Evidenzbüro: the intelligence service of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy contains the original Gothic-letter version of the instructions. The review pointed out the importance of the traditions of the Hungarian law enforcement history and the significance of the presented book in it and also the role of the Bertalan Szemere Science Association of the History of the Hungarian Law Enforcement in the promotion of the history of the Hungarian law enforcement.
The special fabulous cover version of the book with an elegant layout: brown leather covering, golden letter title with the golden version of the unified crest of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, in a size of A/5 containing 441 numbered pages.

Dedications by:

  • dr. József Boda maj. gen. director general of the Special Service for National Security of Hungary and the head of the National Security Institute of the National University of Public Service;
  • dr. György Domokos senior advisor, and dr. Gábor Kiss capt., senior archivist, leader and deputy leader of the Hungarian Archives Branch Office in Vienna;
  • László Göbölös brig. gen. director general of the Constitution Protection Office;
  • dr. Barna Mezey university professor, president of the Loránd Eötvös Science University, Chairman of the Hungarian Prison Association;
  • dr. József Parádi nyugalmazott college professor (ret.), Chairman of the Bertalan Szemere Science Association of the History of the Hungarian Law Enforcement.

The book contains two monographs as well, which, with the explanation and evaluation of the situation of that age, helps the better understanding of the instructions.

Dr. József Parádi in his 22 pages monograph titled: ”Intelligence service in the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy” describes the role and function of the Intelligence service in the dualist state of the monarchy and its relationship with the public administration.

Dr. Kund Miklós Regényi in his 22 pages monograph titled: ”The »Intelligence service instructions« trough the glass of a professional” interprets the terms and ideas of that age, and also the spirit of the age which is equally significant from the point of view of intelligence and counterintelligence.

The translation of the Hungarian language texts into German, except the monograph titled: ”The »Intelligence service instructions« trough the glass of a professional” and the language corrections of the German text was made by Ramona Artner, and the German text was translated into Hungarian by dr. Kund Miklós Regényi.

During the transforming of the gothic letter German text into Latin letter German text instead of the present grammatical rules and expectations the grammar of that age was applied.

The two coloured maps in the book — in the Hungarian and German language monograph by dr. József Parádi — and the two coloured crests can be found on the first page of the Latin and Hungarian letter version of the Intelligence service instructions. On the first page of the Gothic letter version of the Intelligence service instructions, as it is on the original edition, there is a black and white version of the crest.

There are some information pages at the end pages of the book. There man can find the, in Hungarian and in German, the review of the science brochure called Booklets on the History of Law Enforcement, and the Newsletter on the History of Law Enforcement, which informs about the operative events of the disciple. The information pages beside the two brochures, contains the review of those 17 monographs and monograph-like books published in the last 5 years which were written in the topic of the history of the Hungarian law enforcement.

The book was published as the first volume of the series called: „The legacy of the history of the Hungarian law enforcement” .

It is reassuring — although it is quite an unusual phenomenon — that the publication of a book is a result of the collaboration of several organizations. The „1872 Intelligence service Instructions. Anleitung zum Kundschafts-dienste.” Is the result of the aligned mutual work of the following organizations: Constitution Protection Office of Hungary, the Special Service for National Security of Hungary, Hungarian Archives Branch Office in Vienna, Bertalan Szemere Science Association of the History of the Hungarian Law Enforcement, the Kriegsarchiv, and Staatsarchiv in Vienna. In the course of this work to reach that aim all of the participants shared that particular ability which promoted the best the birth of this book. It is our hope that this collaboration will not be an isolated one but becomes more and more ordinary.

In our opinion the „1872 Intelligence service Instructions. Anleitung zum Kundschafts-dienste.” desreved the place of the first volume of the series called: „The legacy of the history of the Hungarian law enforcement” Actually the „Evidenzbüro” was the „mother –organization” of the intelligence services of the successor states of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy in the sense that more or less this organization and the knowledge and experience accumulated there – with the efficient contribution of the personnel of the „Evidenzbüro” – was the ground on which the intelligence services of the successor countries developed.

Although the Evidenzbüro was not a Hungarian organization, it neither was an Austrian organization as well. It is obvious that this organization was the part of the Army of the Hungarian Kingdom and the Austrian Empire at the same time therefore it was a common organization. Thus it is not a coincidence that the documents of the Evidenzbüro are guarded as an integral part of the documents collection of the dual monarchy in Vienna. All of the intelligence services of the successor states of the Danube Monarchy saw the Evidenzbüro as a predecessor.

It served the common interests of the common patria: the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy on the highest level of that age. Moreover it was not the instrument of the repression of the dictatorship — as the services of the slave countries of the Soviet Union of the later ages — since it operated in a constitutional monarchy with civil democratic rules, nevertheless the beginning of the development of the Evidenzbüro was under the neo-absolutism. To sum up the Evidenzbüro can be deemed as a Hungarian organization as well, not taken away of course the role of a predecessor service from the intelligence services of the successor states in Middle Europe.

The book will not be published in commerce. However the publishers looked after to put the book on the shelves of the libraries of the law enforcement educational institutions, and to those public libraries where man can count of the inquiry of the book.

Dr. Péter Boross former prime minister closed the book review with the statement that the Hungarian society and the professional and political leadership equally need those works which represent our traditions. The Bertalan Szemere Science Association of the History of the Hungarian Law Enforcement is on the right way when does the restless work of the reintegration of this – formerly hunted and unnoticed – sphere of our national culture.

Following the book review Vilmos Kovács col. leader of the Military History Institute and Museum opened the exhibition. In his speech he pointed out that the exhibition is connected to the series of events of the anniversary of the World War I – or the Big War as it was called between the two world wars. The organization led by him always did its best to promote the history of the Hungarian national law enforcement he added.

The reviewed book and the exhibition were created as a result of the collaboration and joint work of many organizations. Today that kind of initiation is extremely rare. However perhaps it will not be a long time to wait that as a result of the cooperation of the law enforcement organizations, national security services and the Bertalan Szemere Science Association of the History of the Hungarian Law Enforcement many of these works and exhibitions would be created to show the history of these services and organizations.






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